WHAT IS KETTLEBELL SPORT
Kettlebell Sport, also known as Girevoy Sport or GS, is a weightlifting sport performed with kettlebells that originates from Russia. Unlike Olympic or Power Lifting which is about maximal weight lifted, the sport of kettlebell lifting is classified as a cyclical sport where competitors have to lift a submaximal load, and perform as many repetitions as they can in a 10 minute time frame or longer to become champion.
There are 3 classic kettlebell lifts that are traditionally performed: the Snatch, Jerk and Long Cycle. Only 1 hand switch is permitted in single kettlebell 10 minute events but you can multiple switch in kettlebell marathon events (30 & 60 minutes).
Snatch Events (5, 10, 30 & 60 minute events)
Snatch only – Single kettlebell is swung between the legs and up to the overhead position in one uninterrupted movement, finishing with the arm fully extended overhead, then snatched as many times overhead as possible.
- The athlete must fixate each repetition overhead with their arms and knees fully extended
- Only one hand switch is permitted in 5 & 10 minute events, and multiple switch in 30 & 60 minute events.
Jerk Events (5, 10, 30 & 60 minute events)
Two Arm Jerk (TAJ) – Two Kettlebells are cleaned to the chest into the rack position, then jerked as many times overhead as possible.
One Arm Jerk (OAJ) – Single kettlebell is cleaned to the chest into the rack position, then jerked as many times overhead as possible.
- The overhead lockout position must have their knees and elbows extended
- Only one hand switch is permitted in 5 & 10 minute events, and multiple switch in 30 & 60 minute events..
Long Cycle Events (5, 10, 30 & 60 minute events)
Two Arm Long Cycle (TALC) – Clean two kettlebells to the chest in the rack position , jerk them to the overhead position, then allow the kettlebells to drop back into the rack position, followed by the back swing, and clean into the rack position again. Repeat the cycle for reps.
One Arm Long Cycle (OALC) – Exercise performed as above but with a single kettlebell.
- The finish position must have their knees and elbows in full lockout and knees also need to be locked out before each Jerk overhead.
- Only one hand switch is permitted in 5 & 10 minute events, and athletes have up to 5 & 10 minutes to perform as many repetitions as possible.
- Multiple hand switch is permitted in kettlebell marathon events (30 & 60 minutes), and athletes have to complete the time frame (30 or 60 minutes) or they will receive 0 points
Biathlon Events – Biathlon is a combination of jerk and snatch (5 & 10 minutes per event)
Biathlon (TAJ plus Snatch) – Competitors jerk two kettlebells over head for as many repetitions as possible in 10 minutes, followed by a minimum of 30 minutes rest period, then 10 minutes of snatches one arm switch.
Biathlon (OAJ plus Snatch) – Competitors jerk one kettlebell overhead for as many repetitions as possible in 10 minutes, followed by a minimum of 30 minutes rest period, then 10 minutes of snatches. Only one hand switch is permitted for single arm events. This event is a women’s only event.
Athletes have up to 5 or 10 minutes to complete as many repetitions as possible.
Single kettlebell is swung between the legs and up to the overhead position in one uninterrupted movement, finishing with the arm fully extended overhead, then snatched as many times overhead as possible. Multiple hand switch is permitted.
Kettlebell Marathon (30 minute and 1 hour)
The kettlebell Marathon is an event that lasts for either 30 minutes which is called the Half Marathon, 1 hour or longer performing Jerk, Snatch or Long Cycle. Kettlebell marathons are performed with one or two kettlebells. The main different between the 10 minute single kettlebell events and the kettlebell marathon is that the athlete can switch hands as often as they like.
Kettlebell Relay (3 minutes per athlete)
The Kettlebell Relay is an opportunity for individuals to compete as a team. This is a very exciting fun event after the main lifts have finished. Spectators will witness a friendly team battle. The relay includes the Classic Jerk, LC or Snatch using 1 or 2 kettlebells. There are traditionally seven weight categories consisting of seven competitors per team and a 3 minute all out sprint (fastest pace as possible per athlete). The team with the most repetitions wins. Single kettlebell lifts can only switch once.
Power Juggling is the performing art of kettlebell sport and was developed to entertain spectators with an artistic display of strength, power and skill, as did the strongmen in their routines in circuses back in the early days.
COMPETITION KETTLEBELL COLOURS & DIMENSIONS
8 kg (Pink), 12 kg (Blue), 16 kg (Yellow), 20 kg (Purple), 24 kg (Green), 28 kg (Orange), 32 kg (Red)
Kettlebell standard dimensions – Height 280 mm, Body diameter 210 mm, Handle diameter 35 mm, Handle length 115 mm.
RULES & REGULATIONS
Lifters have the opportunity to win Gold, Silver or Bronze medals in their weight class, age class and also to become overall winner in each event by performing the most repetitions in the Professional, Amateur or Novice divisions.
The winners in each event and weight class are determined by summing up of points in each discipline.
Snatch, Jerk and Long Cycle = 1 point per repetition
Biathlon = Jerk = 1 point & Snatch = 0.5 points per repetition
Triathlon = Long Cycle = 3 points, Jerk = 2 points, & Snatch = 1 point per repetition
Marathon = 1 point per repetition
The Absolute Winner in each event uses the following co-efficient formula: (Kettlebell weight X Repetitions ÷ Athlete weight).
If two athletes in the same weight class perform the same amount of repetitions, the lightest person in the weight class becomes the winner.
Lifters need to perform a certain number of repetitions in their weight class to achieve rank.
MSIC Master of Sport International Class
MS – Master of Sport
CMS – Candidate for Master of Sport
Rank 1, 2 and 3
Different Kettlebell Associations have their own ranking table, events, rules and regulations.
INTERESTING KETTLEBELL SPORT FACTS
Kettlebells were originally a Russian agricultural weight used in the market place to measure grain, and dates back to the times of the Russian Czars in the 18th Century.
The word ‘Girija’ was first published in a Russia dictionary in 1704.
It was in the 1940’s when kettlebell sport was developed in rural areas and Soviet military groups in the former USSR. This was the era when kettlebell sport competitions were being held by strongmen, the army and the navy which has evolved into the modern sport of kettlebell lifting.
1966 – GS was officially included in the military
1948 – The first official kettlebell sport competition took place in Moscow
1962 – Kettlebell sport competition triathlon event consisting of the press, jerk and snatch with no time limits for men only.
1993 – the 1st World Championship was in Lipetzk Russia
1974 – Kettlebell Sport also known as Girevoy Sport, or GS became the Russian National sport of kettlebell lifting
1984 – kettlebell press was removed from competition
1985 – Introduction of the prestigious title Master of Sport was at the first Championship of the USSR
1989 – 10 minute time limits were established, Long Cycle became an event (Zaytcev), and Power Juggling was developed to promote kettlebell sport and entertain spectators
1998 – Sergey Rachinskiy founded the kettlebell relay event
1999 – First kettlebell sport competition for women with 16 kg in the Snatch event in Kalugo Russia
2007 – Women started competing with 24kg
To date, in summary since kettlebell sport has spread around the world different associations have introduced new events, weights, rules and regulations. In addition to traditional Long Cycle and Biathlon (Jerk & Snatch) events for men, and Snatch only for women, modern kettlebell sport competition events now include the following single and double lift events: Long Cycle, Biathlon, and Jerk only for women using single and double kettlebells. Also Snatch only and double Jerk only for men. For more information regarding kettlebell sport associations in Australia and around the world visit www.kettlebellsport.com.au